Lesson Procedures/How to make a lesson

 

1) To begin, as a class, in groups, or in pairs, select the questions youd like to talk about. 

2) Then, ask questions and share ideas in your conversations. Take notes. Take equal turns.

3) Share your ideas (each individual) in a classroom discussion (as prepared in 1 and 2).

 

There are three sections for each topic:

 

1) Dialogue: There are ten selected questions presented with sample answers.

                   The sample answers are given to assist the learners in creating

                     their own answers. They tend to use a casual speaking style.

 

2) Original Questions: There are five groups of five questions with no answers.

                                           They are introduced to give more choices to learners.

 

3) Food for Thought: Definitions, ideas, and links to various sites

 

Explore the possibilities. Use the Web. Make your own questions. Take equal turns.

 

 

 

~ Dialogue ~ Topic 1 ~ Studying English ~ Discuss Questions and Answers ~

 

1) For how long have you been studying English? Off and on or continuously? Explain.

I’ve been studying English forever, since I was in elementary school. I don’t remember exactly,

but maybe I began in the third grade. It was boring. Didn’t learn anything. On and off.

 

2) Who was your first English teacher? What do you remember about that class?

The school used the audio-lingual approach/army method. Simply, the teacher made sentences, and the students repeated them time and again. Then we would write in books.

 

3) How often do you study English? Do you have a favorite place? Who with?

I study English at home every morning. I usually listen to a radio program but sometimes tune in to educational shows on TV. I also use textbooks and the internet. By myself.

 

4) What is your favorite way to study English (speaking/listening/writing/reading/other)?

I like watching movies with subtitles. I guess that’s listening (watching?) and reading.

In that way it seems to be a passive form of studying. But I’m learning at the same time.

 

5) Why are you learning English? Do you need a reason? How about to make friends?

I think I just like languages in general. The world uses hundreds of different languages

every day. It seems to me that language more or less created our cultures. Interesting.

 

6) How do you use the Internet to study English? What websites do you use?

I use social media. I have a few accounts and many contacts. I try to use my English there.

It can be stressful, because it's difficult to know what other people actually think.

 

7) What forms of social media can you use when you study? Are they helpful?

I use various chat group forums (Facebook). They are easy to join and, most of the time,

the members are eager and helpful. You just have to take the time to find them (locally).

 

8) Do you think it is necessary to learn textbook grammar? Why or why not?

Some grammar is useful, but I think lessons focusing on grammar are a waste of time.

Maybe grammar is “over taught” in non-native countries… and testing doesn’t help.

 

9) How can learners improve their pronunciation? How important is it?

Pronunciation can/should be learned online. It’s just a matter of practice and repetition.

Intelligibility is the zone where various dialects interact and succeed in communication.

 

10) What is the difference between fluency and accuracy? Which is more important? Why?

Accuracy is the formal part, like grammar, and fluency is communicating ideas on time.

Both are important, but fluency, the ability to express yourself, is much more important.

 

 

~ Original Questions ~ Studying English ~ Choose the questions you like ~

 

Group A

1) For how long have you been studying English? Off and on or continuously? Explain.

2) Who was your first English teacher? What do you remember about that class?

3) Do you think English is a difficult language to learn in your country? How so?

4) How often do you study English? Do you have a favorite place? Who with?

5) What is your favorite way to study English (speaking/listening/writing/reading/other)?

 

Group B

1) What is the most difficult thing about English for you? How about for others?

2) Why are you learning English? Do you need a reason to like doing something?

3) How do you think English could help you in the future? Do you need it?

4) Do you think that English will dominate all other languages in the future?

5) If yes, how would it affect the world? Would other languages suffer? How?

 

Group C

1) How much time do you spend daydreaming during class? Is it a problem?

2) Does classroom arrangement (of desks/tables/students) matter? How? Why?

3) How do you use the Internet to study English? What websites do you use?

4) What forms of social media can you use when you study? Are they helpful?

5) How can English language help someone in your country advance in their career?

 

Group D

1) Which country is the best place to study English? Why do you think so?

2) Are you willing to hire a tutor to learn English? Are tutors expensive in your country?

3) What is the best way to learn vocabulary? Do you often use a dictionary? How?

4) Do you think it is necessary to learn textbook grammar? Why or why not?

5) How can learners improve their pronunciation? How important is it?

 

Group E

1) How can learners improve their listening/speaking/reading/writing skills?

2) What is the difference between fluency and accuracy? Which is more important? Why?

3) After you develop fluency/accuracy, what is the best way to improve fluency/accuracy?

4) Have you ever spoken English on the phone? Why is it difficult? Do you do it often?

5) Do you ever use English when writing e-mail or texting? Explain the problems.

 

 

~ Food for Thought ~ Topic 1 ~ Studying English ~ Explore the Topic ~

 

Fluency versus Accuracy: Fluency is the natural pace of speaking. It is achieved when the learner of a second language is confident and wants to communicate. Accuracy is the grammatical output. A non-native speaker may produce

word order, selection of vocabulary, the use of verb tenses, and other structures more accurately over time.

 

Fossilization: Interlanguage is the level of communication between your mother tongue and the target language. It often lacks any signs of development. Fossilization is a phenomenon of second language acquisition (SLA) where learners turn their second language into a dinosaur of their own making. They fail to learn new ways of speaking and fall into their comfort zone perhaps permanently. 

 

Lingua Franca: Also known as a bridge languagecommon languagetrade language, or link language is a language used to make communication possible between people who do not share a native language or dialect. Particularly when it is a second language between non-natives, for example an Indian and a Chinese speaker communicating in English. Both speakers struggle with their dialects transferring into English.

 

Intelligibility: As English is a global language, pronunciation is unavoidably diverse. If speakers of English from various backgrounds and countries can comprehend and communicate, the idea of “correct pronunciation” is no longer an issue. In other words, intelligibility means that, regardless of culture, speakers understand one another.

 

ESL/EFL: An ESL (SL = second language) classroom is one in which English is the primary national language (in the USA, Canada, Australia, etc.). On the other hand, an EFL (FL = foreign language) classroom is one in which English is not the native language, as is true of most countries around the world.

 

A Contrastive Analysis Approach: The difficulties that learners face in the study of English are sometimes due to the fact that their native language differs in many ways from English. A native speaker of Chinese trying to learn English may face many more difficulties than a native speaker of German attempting the same, because German language structure and pronunciation is more closely related to English than Chinese. It’s all relative and can be studied.

                                      

                                     

~ Topic 1 ~ Studying English ~ Questions for Conversation ~

Honor your mistakes, they will lead to learning...

Through this learning, more mistakes will be made…

Through this process, mistakes are no longer mistakes…

They become the act of learning.

 

TLW

 

                          

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