~ Appendix Four ~ Parts of Speech ~ Basic Elements ~

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TLW ~  English Writing ~ Basic Structures and Forms

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Introduction ~ Parts of Speech ~ Elements of Language                                    

 


  PART OF

   SPEECH

            BASIC FUNCTION

            EXAMPLES

noun

names a person, place, or thing

pirate, Caribbean, ship, freedom,

Captain Jack Sparrow

pronoun

takes the place of a noun

I, you, he, she, it, ours, them, who,

which, anybody, ourselves

verb

identifies action or state of being

sing, dance, believe, seem, finish, eat,

drink, be, become

adjective

modifies a noun

hot, lazy, funny, unique, bright,

beautiful, healthy, wealthy, wise

adverb

modifies a verb, adjective, or other adverb

softly, lazily, often, only, hopefully,

softly, sometimes

preposition

shows a relationship between a noun (or pronoun) and other words in a sentence

up, over, against, by, for, into,

close to, out of, apart from

conjunction

joins words, phrases, and clauses

and, but, or, yet

interjection

expresses emotion and can usually stand alone

ah, whoops, ouch, Yabba dabba do!

articles and

determiners

identifies nouns (noun markers)

a, an the ~ this, that, these, those

 


PART OF SPEECH

                      BASIC FUNCTION

            EXAMPLES

noun

names a person, place, or thing

pirate, Caribbean, ship, freedom,

Captain Jack Sparrow

pronoun

takes the place of a noun

I, you, he, she, it, ours, them, who,

which, anybody, ourselves

verb

identifies action or state of being

sing, dance, believe, seem, finish, eat,

drink, be, become

adjective

modifies a noun

hot, lazy, funny, unique, bright,

beautiful, healthy, wealthy, wise

adverb

modifies a verb, adjective, or other adverb

softly, lazily, often, only, hopefully,

softly, sometimes

preposition

shows a relationship between a noun (or pronoun) and other words in a sentence

up, over, against, by, for, into,

close to, out of, apart from

conjunction

joins words, phrases, and clauses

and, but, or, yet

interjection

expresses emotion and can usually stand alone

ah, whoops, ouch, Yabba dabba do!

articles and

determiners

identifies nouns (noun markers)

a, an the ~ this, that, these, those

                                

 


PART OF SPEECH

                      BASIC FUNCTION

            EXAMPLES

noun

names a person, place, or thing

pirate, Caribbean, ship, freedom,

Captain Jack Sparrow

pronoun

takes the place of a noun

I, you, he, she, it, ours, them, who,

which, anybody, ourselves

verb

identifies action or state of being

sing, dance, believe, seem, finish, eat,

drink, be, become

adjective

modifies a noun

hot, lazy, funny, unique, bright,

beautiful, healthy, wealthy, wise

adverb

modifies a verb, adjective, or other adverb

softly, lazily, often, only, hopefully,

softly, sometimes

preposition

shows a relationship between a noun (or pronoun) and other words in a sentence

up, over, against, by, for, into,

close to, out of, apart from

conjunction

joins words, phrases, and clauses

and, but, or, yet

interjection

expresses emotion and can usually stand alone

ah, whoops, ouch, Yabba dabba do!

articles and

determiners

used to identify nouns (noun markers)

a, an the ~ this, that, these, those