How to Make a Lesson ~ Procedures ~


1) Talk about the examples.


2) As a class, in groups, or in pairs talk about their meanings from your experience.


3) Select and answer any of the questions in your own way.


4) Take fair turns. Include as many students as possible. Endeavor to create a discussion.


Words and their Parts: Roots, Prefixes, and Suffixes


Root: the center of a word


Prefix: something added to the beginning of the center

(often related to meaning)


Suffix: something added to the end of the center

(often related to structure such as noun/verb/adjective)


Ex 1:  root = dict… add prefix = predict… add suffix = prediction

dict (Latin) = to say… predict = to guess (verb)… prediction = a guess (noun)


Sentences: Q and A Examples: Talk about them


A1) Can you predict when you might move into your new apartment?

No, I can’t say. I have to sell my present place first.


A2) What’s your prediction of this weekend’s weather?

Looks pretty nice. Do you want to go camping?


Note: Notice that the ‘root’ doesn’t appear as a word.

Most often a root doesn’t act on its own.

Roots need prefixes and suffixes to complete meaning.

Most English roots are from Latin and Greek origin.


Ex 2: root = graph… add prefix = photograph… add suffix = photography

graph (Greek) = writing… photograph = picture… photography = making pictures


Sentences: Q and A Examples: Talk about them


B1) Do you have a favorite photo(graph) on your phone?

Yes. Take a look. I just took it this morning with my children.


B2) Have you ever studied photography?

No. But I have taken thousands of pictures.


Note: Notice that the root is sometimes not used.

Photograph becomes, simply, ‘photo’.

This ‘invisible root’ is common in language.


Ex 3: root = take… add prefix = mis… add suffix = en (signals adjective)

take (Scandinavian) = to grasp/seize… mistake = badly taken… mistaken = adjective


Sentences: Q and A Examples: Talk about them


C1) Why do people make excuses when they make a mistake?

I suppose they fear losing face or just don’t admit their faults.


C2) Did I see you at the nightclub last weekend?

No. I think you are mistaken.



Honor your mistakes, they will lead to learning...

Through this learning, more mistakes will be made…

Through this process, mistakes are no longer mistakes…

They become the act of learning.





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TLW ~ Speak Out! ~ Vocab Horizons ~ 2




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