TLW ~ Power English ~ Vocab Horizons ~ 7

How to Make a Lesson ~ Procedures ~

 

1) Talk about the examples.

 

2) As a class, in groups, or in pairs talk about their meanings from your experience.

 

3) Select and answer any of the questions in your own way.

 

4) Take fair turns. Include as many students as possible. Endeavor to create a discussion.

      

Combinations of Words: Idioms

 

~ Vocabulary ~ Idioms One ~

 

Section One: Definition ~ 

 

Idioms are common words or phrases which mean something different from what you read

in the dictionary. They are the part of language that expresses the creative aspect of our nature.

 

As you will see, they don’t make sense without being in a sentence. They need to be related

to what is said within a conversation. This is the context or the who, where, when, and why

of what is being communicated. They appear to be the “jokers” in all forms of communication.

 

Section Two: Examples for Idioms ~ Discuss the content

 

1) I eat at fast food burger joints once in a blue moon.

something that you rarely do or that seldom happens

 

2) I always hit the sack after midnight on weekends.

to go to bed

 

3) My father had to pay through the nose for his surgery.

to pay too much for something

 

4) My co-worker got in hot water for texting on the job.

to get into trouble

 

5) My spouse was barking up the wrong tree, accusing me of spending too much.

to choose the wrong course or action

 

6) My foolish friend spilled the beans about my surprise birthday party.

to tell a secret

 

7) My timid friend chickened out when we lined up at the roller coaster.

to pause because of fear

 

 

~ Match the idioms with their meanings on the right:

 

1) once in a blue moon

 

2) hit the sack

 

3) pay through the nose 

 

4) get in hot water 

 

5) bark up the wrong tree

 

6) spill the beans

 

7) chicken out 

 

Section Three: Examples ~ Review the content (related to 1~7 above)

 

1) I eat at fast food burger joints once in a blue moon.

 

2) I always hit the sack after midnight on weekends.

 

3) My father had to pay through the nose for his surgery.

 

4) My co-worker got in hot water for texting on the job.

 

5) My spouse was barking up the wrong tree, accusing me of spending too much.

 

6) My foolish friend spilled the beans about my surprise birthday party.

 

7) My timid friend chickened out when we lined up at the roller coaster.

 

Section Three: Vocabulary ~ Idioms One ~ Questions ~

 

Now: Answer the questions below according to your own experience

 

Next: Make your own questions related to the idioms and examples presented

 

1) What do you enjoy doing once in a blue moon? Tell.

(What do you enjoy doing only once in a while? Tell.) 

 

2) What time do you usually hit the sack on weekends? Describe.

(What time do you usually got bed on weekends? Describe.) 

 

3) Have you ever had to pay through the nose for something? What?

(Have you ever had to pay more than you wanted for something? What?)  

 

4) Do/Did you know someone who tends to get in hot water? Tell.

(Do/Did you know someone who tends to get into trouble? Tell.) 

 

5) Does your spouse or friend ever bark up the wrong tree? Explain.

(Does your spouse or friend ever choose the wrong course or action? Explain.) 

 

6) Is it OK to spill the beans about small things. About what?

(Is it OK to tell secrets about small things. About what?) 

 

7) Have you ever chickened out with your family or friends? When?

(Have you ever declined to act out of fear with your family or friends? When?)

 

 

~ Vocabulary ~ Idioms Two ~

 

Section One: Definition ~  

Idioms are not the same as slang. Idioms are made up of words or phrases

that have a special meaning known to those in a cultural community and are used

to communicate meaning in a more interesting and indirect manner than usual.

 

Slang is a type of idiom consisting of words and phrases that are thought of

as informal and are usually negative in nature. They are used to create an effect

often within a casual atmosphere. They are sometimes offensive.

 

1) pig out (v) = eat too much = Let’s pig out! Let’s make the most of this buffet.

2) piece of shit (n) = something/someone with no value = That crossword is a piece of shit.

 

Section Two: Examples ~ Discuss the content

 

1) When my spouse beats around the bush, I know there is trouble.

to avoid saying what you mean

 

2) Coffee shops in my neighborhood are a dime a dozen.

something so common it’s considered cheap

 

3) I lost my job last week, but I got it out of my system. I got a new job.

to do what you want to do so you can move on

 

4) We vacuumed, did the dishes, cleaned the bathroom then called it a day.

to stop working on something

 

5) I had to cut corners during holiday preparations, but I don’t care.

to do something poorly in order to save time or money

 

6) My friend was rude to a stranger, but I gave her the benefit of the doubt.

to trust what someone says or does in their favor

 

7) My co-worker lost her husband to war. I said, “Hang in there” but…

to not give up 

 

~ Match the idioms with their meanings on the right:

 

1) beat around the bush

 

2) a dime a dozen

 

3) get something out of your system

 

4) call it a day

 

5) cut corners

 

6) benefit of the doubt

 

7) hang in there  

 

 

Section Three: Examples ~ Review the content (related to 1~7 above)

 

1) When my spouse beats around the bush, I know there is trouble.

 

2) Coffee shops in my neighborhood are a dime a dozen.

 

3) I lost my job last week, but I got it out of my system. I got a new job.

 

4) We vacuumed, did the dishes, cleaned the bathroom then called it a day.

 

5) I had to cut corners during holiday preparations, but I don’t care.

 

6) My friend was rude to a stranger, but I gave her the benefit of the doubt.

 

7) My co-worker lost her husband to war. I said, “Hang in there” but...

 

Section Three: Vocabulary ~ Idioms Two ~ Questions ~

 

Now: Answer the questions above according to your own experience

 

Next: Make your own questions related to the idioms and examples presented

 

1) If someone is beating around the bush, what can you do get clarity? Tell.

If someone is avoiding an issue, what can you do to get clarity? Tell. 

 

2) What kind of television programs are a dime a dozen? Explain.

(What kind of television programs are all too common? Explain.) 

 

3) When you want to get something out of your system, what do you do?

(When you want to relieve yourself of stress, what do you do?) 

 

4) How do you call it a day if friends or family want the party to go on? Explain.

(How do you excuse yourself if friends or family want the party to go on? Explain.) 

 

5) Have you ever cut corners doing any kind of work? Tell.

(Have you ever worked too quickly or poorly doing any kind of work? ? Tell.) 

 

6) Do you ever give your family or friends the benefit of the doubt? About what?

(Do you ever forgive your family or friends for possible mistakes? About what?) 

 

7) Have you ever told family members or friends to “hang in there”? When?

(Have you ever told family members or friends to keep trying in hard times? When?) 

 

 

 

Links:   1) Wiki idioms    2) English Idioms     3) Common Proverbs    4) World Proverbs   

 

 

 

 

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A) to pay too much for something

 

B) not doing a thing, because of fear

 

C) to get into trouble

 

D) something that you rarely do or that seldom happens

 

E) to choose the wrong course or action

 

F) to go to bed

 

G) to tell a secret

 

A) to do what you want to do so you can move on

 

B) to trust what someone says or does in their favor

 

C) to do something poorly in order to save time or money

 

D) to not give up

 

E) to avoid saying what you mean

 

F) something so common it’s considered cheap

 

G) to stop working on something