~ Contents ~ Vocabulary ~ Topic 18 ~ Idioms Two ~
Section One: Definition and Matching ~
Idioms are not the same as slang. They are made up of words or phrases
that have a special meaning known to those in a cultural community and are used
to communicate meaning in a more interesting and indirect manner than usual.
Slang is a type of language consisting of words and phrases that are thought of
as informal or casual in nature and are usually found in use by a particular
group of people within a community.
Slang usually exists outside the social norm and is common in speech. Examples:
1) pig out (v) = eat too much = “Let’s pig out! Let’s make the most of this buffet.”
2) lost cause (n) = something/someone to abandon = “That crossword is a lost cause.”
These examples can be considered slang. They can be rude but are usually humorous.
~ Match the idioms with their meanings below:
1) beat around the bush
2) a dime a dozen
3) get something out of your system
4) call it a day
5) cut corners
6) benefit of the doubt
7) hang in there
Section Two: Examples ~ Discuss the content (related to 1~7 above)
1) When my spouse beats around the bush, I know there is trouble.
2) Coffee shops in my neighborhood are a dime a dozen.
3) I lost my job last week, but I got it out of my system. I got a new job.
4) We vacuumed, did the dishes, cleaned the bathroom then called it a day.
5) I had to cut corners during holiday preparations, but I don’t care.
6) My friend was rude to a stranger, but I gave her the benefit of the doubt.
7) My co-worker lost her husband to war. I said, “Hang in there” but…
Section Three: Vocabulary ~ Idioms Two ~ Questions ~
1) If someone is beating around the bush, what can you do get clarity? Tell.
If someone is avoiding an issue, what can you do to get clarity? Tell.
2) What kind of television programs are a dime a dozen? Explain.
(What kind of television programs are all too common? Explain.)
3) When you want to get something out of your system, what do you do?
(When you want to relieve yourself of stress, what do you do?)
4) How do you call it a day if friends or family want the party to go on? Explain.
(How do you excuse yourself if friends or family want the party to go on? Explain.)
5) Have you ever cut corners doing any kind of work? Tell.
(Have you ever worked too quickly or poorly doing any kind of work? ? Tell.)
6) Do you ever give your family or friends the benefit of the doubt? About what?
(Do you ever forgive your family or friends for possible mistakes? About what?)
7) Have you ever told family members or friends to “hang in there”? When?
(Have you ever told family members or friends to keep trying in hard times? When?)
Now: Answer the questions above according to your own experience
Next: Make your own questions related to the idioms and examples presented
TLW ~ Pre to Intermediate ~ Lesson 18
How to Make a Lesson ~ Procedures ~ Print textbook Two: Lessons 13 ~ 24 ~
1) In section one, as a class, in groups, or in pairs match the idioms with their meanings.
2) After that, read and talk about the examples in the second section.
3) Next, in section three, select and answer any of the questions in your own way.
4) Take fair turns. Include as many students as possible. Endeavor to create a discussion.
A) to do what you want to do so you can move on
B) to trust what someone says or does in their favor
C) to do something poorly in order to save time or money
D) to not give up
E) to avoid saying what you mean
F) something so common it’s considered cheap
G) to stop working on something
“Honor your mistakes, they will lead to learning...
Through this learning, more mistakes will be made…
Through this process, mistakes are no longer mistakes…
They become the act of learning.”
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